Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful human natural phenomenon that a woman can experience. Although giving birth is a miracle there are millions of genetic processes that occur to ensure that the baby is perfect, and unfortunately there can be various concerns and risks associated with pregnancies. The High Risk Pregnancy Doctor is consulted for cases where there may be increased risk during the pregnancy and increased screening is required. The occurrence of a high risk pregnancy is associated with various factors and may have different outcomes depending on the type of the problem.
What is a High Risk Pregnancy?
A high risk pregnancy is one where either the mother or the fetus or in some cases both of them are at risk for poor outcome. This can occur with women over the age of 35 (advanced maternal age), obesity, (BMI over 30), diabetes, high blood pressure, twins, triplets, In-Vitro Pregnancy, (IVF), maternal congenital heart disease, pregnancy where other family member or prior child had poor outcome, pregnancy with baby with defect, vaginal bleeding, prior cesarean sections, previa, fibroid uterus, poor maternal weight gain….and many more. There is a need to consult a specialist for ensuring that the case is managed and any possible complications are reduced to the minimum possible limits. A specialist or a high risk pregnancy doctor is also known as perinatologist. The task of the high risk pregnancy doctor is to analyze the case, identify the complications and the possible outcomes and then develop risk reduction methods accordingly.
High risk pregnancies can occur due to a number of different reasons. Moreover, the risk may be different based on the individual’s health status and also their lifestyle in many cases. It has been seen that the high risk pregnancies are common among the obese females. Furthermore, the sedentary lifestyle has also been speculated to be a cause of inducing complications in pregnancy. Therefore, it is important to be active during pregnancy and also to ensure that there is a balance between the rests taken. Most exercises are considered safe in pregnancy, but it is best to avoid contact sports where the mother may hurt her belly/baby. It is important l to carry out certain basic exercise to keep the body healthy and prevent excess weight gain. Some of the most marked complications associated with pregnancies include preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy) and gestational diabetes. Other issues which can be considered as complications include placenta previa (placenta covering the cervix which leads to bleeding), premature birth or any structural or genetic problem with the fetus.
Risk factors which can lead towards high risk pregnancies
The most widely known risk factor which lead towards the high risk factors include the age of the mother. It has been seen that the maternal age has a profound effect on the fetus. Generally, females under the age of 17 or over the age of 35 face problems during their pregnancy. More women are delaying pregnancy to later in life because of education, work, or other reasons. As the the maternal age increases above 35, the risks of congenital defects and fetal complications are increased. Accordingly the high risk pregnancy is consulted to do an ultrasound on the baby, and treat any maternal issues. Also, as the mother gets older, the risk of miscarriage increase.
Hence, the overall risks associated with pregnancy are widespread and the conditions can vary among the individuals. Although advanced maternal age is a risk for the pregnancy, most women have successful pregnancies, and healthy babies. With the help of your high risk pregnancy doctor women can have children until any age successfully.